"ILGWU Waist and Dressmakers Voting on an Agreement" (from UNITE Archives, Kheel Center, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-3901 [1913]). The concern on the male union leader's face in the center of the photograph reveals the gendered tension within the union's ranks during the 1913 strikers. During the strikes, officials like this man found themselves in conflict with female rank-and-file and shopfloor leaders. Strikers forcibly and violently forced male union officials to renegotiate one agreement, foreshadowing conflicts between male leaders and female unionists throughout the 1910s.

From Sweated work, weak bodies: anti-sweatshop campaigns and languages of labor by Daniel E. Bender

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  • American: General & Multiperiod
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  • Figure 16 "ILGWU Waist and Dressmakers Voting on an Agreement" (from UNITE Archives, Kheel Center, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853-3901 [1913]). The concern on the male union leader's face in the center of the photograph reveals the gendered tension within the union's ranks during the 1913 strikers. During the strikes, officials like this man found themselves in conflict with female rank-and-file and shopfloor leaders. Strikers forcibly and violently forced male union officials to renegotiate one agreement, foreshadowing conflicts between male leaders and female unionists throughout the 1910s.