Source: Literary Digest History of the World War, Volume 8, 1919, 376B.

From Pursuit of an "unparalleled opportunity": American YMCA and prisoner of war diplomacy among the Central Power nations during World War I, 1914-1923 by Kenneth Steuer

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  • American: 1900-present
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  • French General Franchet d'Esperey (1856–1942) commanded the Allied forces at Saloniki in 1918; his successful offensive liberated Serbia, knocked Bulgaria out of the war, and forced Austria-Hungary to sign an armistice. Source: Literary Digest History of the World War, Volume 8, 1919, 376B.