Source: Backhaus, Die Kriegsgefangenen in Deutschland, Photo 62, 1915, 49.

From Pursuit of an "unparalleled opportunity": American YMCA and prisoner of war diplomacy among the Central Power nations during World War I, 1914-1923 by Kenneth Steuer

Subjects
  • American: 1900-present
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  • Newly arrived Russian prisoners of war at an unidentified German prison camp receive instruction in German bugle calls. The Russians stand behind barbed-wire while a German bugler, to the right, demonstrates various signals. The Russian in the center of the photo probably is an interpreter for his comrades. Bugle calls woke prisoners up in the morning, called them to parade or dinner, and ended the prisoners' day. Source: Backhaus, Die Kriegsgefangenen in Deutschland, Photo 62, 1915, 49.