• As a canoe material, elm bark was distinctly different than birch, as evidenced by this example built by Rick Nash.

Elm-Bark Canoe

From Canoes: A Natural History in North America by Mark Neuzil and Norman Sims

  • Elm canoes tended to be less long-lasting, less flexible, and more unsightly. The Iroquois are often associated with elm canoes because of the availability of that species in their home territory.
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  • Photograph by Evan Holt, courtesy of the Canadian Canoe Museum.
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