Source: Association Men, 44 (November 1918): 217.

From Pursuit of an "unparalleled opportunity": American YMCA and prisoner of war diplomacy among the Central Power nations during World War I, 1914-1923 by Kenneth Steuer

  • American: 1900-present
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  • Five American YMCA secretaries pose for a photograph during the Educational Conference held in London in July 1918. Two of these men had extensive WPA experience. Robert Ewing, standing in the middle right, was a member of the original Flying Squadron sent to Europe in 1915. He became the Senior WPA Secretary in Britain until 1917 when he transferred to supervise the AEF-YMCA Program in Britain. Edgar MacNaughten, standing to the extreme right, was the Senior American WPA Secretary in Austria-Hungary from 1915 to October 1917. Before the United States declared war against the Dual Monarchy, he went to Switzerland to take over the distribution of Russian books to German prison camps. In 1918, MacNaughten became the Senior American Navy Secretary Overseas, working in Britain. Three other American YMCA secretaries are also featured in this photograph: E. C. Carter is seated and standing to the left are J. W. Pontius and C. G. Titus. Source: Association Men, 44 (November 1918): 217.