Fig. 13. Tupac: A closer look at “Hit ‘Em Up” (dotted line) through the lens of average dip length

From Rhymes in the Flow: How Rappers Flip the Beat by Macklin Smith and Aurko Joshi

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  • Music:Popular Music
  • American Studies
  • African American Studies
  • Literary Studies:Poetry and Poetry Criticism
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  • Fig. 13. Tupac: A closer look at “Hit ’Em Up” (dotted line) through the lens of average
    dip length. Tupac’s overall style is represented by the contiguous black line; Los Angelesbased rappers by the dashed line. Range of dip length from .5 to 2.5 syllables. Length from
    the center signifes the number of syllabic events within the dip > 0.