• The Baron of Lahontan (Louis-Armand de Lom d'Arce) drew this description of the Iroquois' elm-bark canoes for a three-volume memoir of his time in New France, which ended in 1693.

Elm-Bark Canoes of New France

From Canoes: A Natural History in North America by Mark Neuzil and Norman Sims


  • In addition to canoes, portaging, and paddles, Lahontan is considered a valuable source on flora, fauna, ethnography, and trade in the colony. Elm-bark canoes were considered inferior to the birch-bark models, but elm was the building material most available to the Iroquois.
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  • History
  • Cultural Studies
  • Regional Studies
  • Literature
  • Native American Studies
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  • ca. 1693
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  • Courtesy of the James Ford Bell Library, University of Minnesota.
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