Source: IWM photo Q4573.

From "The infantry cannot do with a gun less": the place of the artillery in the British Expeditionary Force, 1914-1918 by Sanders Marble

  • European: 1800-present
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  • German barbed wire, near St Pierre Divion, November 1916. If British bombardments were vastly heavier in 1916, German defenses had improved markedly over the previous year as well. Source: IWM photo Q4573.