Birch-Bark Canoe

From Canoes: A Natural History in North America by Mark Neuzil and Norman Sims

  • The boats of the Western Cree, who tended to occupy the region that is now parts of Ontario and Manitoba as well as sections of Alberta, tended to resemble the design of their oft-neighbors, the Ojibwe. Birchbark was scarcer in the farther west, so spruce was sometimes used as a replacement material, according to Tappan Adney.
  • History
  • Cultural Studies
  • Literature
  • Native American Studies
  • Regional Studies
  • ca. 1875–1900
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  • The Cree were excellent birch-bark builders, as seen in this boat dating from the period 1875–1900.