Source: IWM photo Q8.

From "The infantry cannot do with a gun less": the place of the artillery in the British Expeditionary Force, 1914-1918 by Sanders Marble

  • European: 1800-present
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  • Bombardment of the Schwaben Redoubt, July 1916. A heavy bombardment did not necessarily mean firing many shells all at once. The Schwaben Redoubt was a strongpoint facing VIII Corps during the battle of the Somme, and its chalk lines show clearly; positions in chalk made it relatively easy for observers to direct fire since they showed up so clearly. Source: IWM photo Q8.