• A tray or pouch made of birch bark was used to carry hardened pieces of specially prepared spruce gum (sap mixed with animal fat and ash), which could be chewed or heated and used to repair canoes when on a trip.

Spruce Gum Pouch

From Canoes: A Natural History in North America by Mark Neuzil and Norman Sims

  • History
  • Cultural Studies
  • Regional Studies
  • Literature
  • Native American Studies
Related Section
Content Type
Citable Link
Copyright Holder
Copyright Status
Rights Granted
  • non-exclusive, world-wide, perpetual
Credit Line
  • Courtesy of Minnesota Historical Society, 1981.70.11.A-1.
Holding Contact
  • Minnesota Historical Society
  • 0
File Format
  • tiff (Tagged Image File Format)
File Size
  • 15.3 MB
  • 3000
  • 1775
Mime Type
  • image/tiff
Last Modified
  • 2016-10-27T14:34:56Z
Original Checksum
  • 14b297ec2c13c57a6e363d29400d880f