Source: Asia, 20 (January 1920): 74.

From Pursuit of an "unparalleled opportunity": American YMCA and prisoner of war diplomacy among the Central Power nations during World War I, 1914-1923 by Kenneth Steuer

  • American: 1900-present
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  • Official photograph of Mustapha Kemal Pasha (1881–1938), heroic defender of Galliopoli against the Allied attack in 1915 and leader of the nationalist forces against the Allied occupation of Asia Minor in 1919; he became the first president of Turkey. Source: Asia, 20 (January 1920): 74.