Takarazuka uniforms: Wartime and current. Top, Takarasiennes posing in their "national defense color" uniforms introduced in 1939, which served as the prototype for today's military-like uniforms worn by Academy students, bottom. As evident from their haircuts, the students are assigned their secondary genders at the end of their first semester at the Academy. From Hagiwara (1954:21) and Ueda (1986 [1976]: cover).

From Takarazuka: sexual politics and popular culture in modern Japan by Jennifer Robertson

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Subjects
  • Women's Studies
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  • Figure 6. Takarazuka uniforms: Wartime and current. Top, Takarasiennes posing in their "national defense color" uniforms introduced in 1939, which served as the prototype for today's military-like uniforms worn by Academy students, bottom. As evident from their haircuts, the students are assigned their secondary genders at the end of their first semester at the Academy. From Hagiwara (1954:21) and Ueda (1986 [1976]: cover).