Map 1.1 Bengal in the Mughal age.
Map 1.2 United Provinces in the golden age, showing areas reclaimed from the sea, river estuaries, and lakes in medieval and early modern times.
Map 2.1 Western Sahel, approximate location of ecological zones, c. 1600.
Map 2.2 Western Sahel, approximate location of ecological zones, c. 1850.
Map 3.1 Dutch empire in Asia, c. 1670.
Map 3.2 Expansion of Han agricultural settlement.
Map 4.1 Late imperial China under the Qing dynasty.
Map 4.2 Manchuria under the Qing dynasty.
Map 5.1 Japan and Ezo.
Map 6.1 Coalfields in the British Isles, c. 1700.
Map 7.1 Russia's political frontiers, 1550-1897.
Map 7.2 Russia's environmental belts.
Map 7.3 The Belgorod Line in the mid-seventeenth century.
Map 7.4 The Simbirsk Line and settlement of the Volga Basin.
Map 8.1 South Africa in 1803.
Map 9.1 Early cattle ranching in the West Indies.
Map 10.1 Spanish colonial Mexico
Map 11.1 Portuguese America and the Brazilian Atlantic forest, 1750.
Map 12.1 Progress of settlement in Martinique in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Map 12.2 Jamaica in the eighteenth century.