The Vivarium, the research center for experimental biology, Biologische Versuchsanstalt was considered among the most prestigious biology research center in Europe. Source: Archiv der Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna.
Even today one can find material reminiscencent of radioactive sources dated before the end of the First World War at the Radium Institute. Here is a bottle of uranium nitrate packed at St. Joachimsthal and stored at the cellar. Source: Maria Rentetzi, 2004.
Victor Hess, the first Ordentliche Assistent at the Radium Institute, where he carried work on cosmic radiation. In 1919 he received the Lieben Prize for his discovery of “ultra-radiation” (cosmic radiation), and in 1936 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics. Source: Central Library for Physics, Vienna.
The scintillation counter designed by Berta Karlik in 1933. (P) is the source, (G) is a mica filter, (S) is the scintillation screen and attached is the photoelectric cell leading to an electrometer. Source: Berta Karlik, “Eine Lumineszenzmethode zur Untersuchung der Reichweite von alpha-Strahlen,” Sitzungsberichte Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Abteillung IIa, (1933) 142: 115–119.
Right after the First World War, some of the personnel and practicum students were photographed on the roof of the institute, and Friedmann is shown among them. From left to right: Eleonore Albrecht, Anna Gabler, Friederike Friedmann, Grete Richter, and behind her, Maria Szeparowicz, Hilda Fonovitz, and Erwin Schrödinger. Hans Thirring is sitting while Ludwig Flamm (left) and Victor Hess (right) are standing behind at the back. Source: Central Library for Physics, Vienna.
Georg Hess in uniform next to Robert Lawson, an Englishmen who came to work at Meyer's institute in the end of 1913. With the outbreak of the First World War, Lawson was trapped in Vienna. Source: Central Library for Physics, Vienna.
It is probably Fraulein Gabriele Rabel at the Physics Institute in Türkenstrasse in 1909. Rabel, the daughter of a prosperous Viennese lawyer, studied biology and worked on experimental physics at the University of Vienna. Source: Central Library for Physics, Vienna.
Following the trend of the early-twentieth-century advertisements, which rarely dealt in subtleties concerning racial issues, this article quite literally advertised radium's power to “bleach the Negro.” Source: Radiology Centennial, Inc