"Although other historical figures had manipulated various media for political gain, Napoleon Bonaparte was the first non-monarch in the modern era to realize the limitless possibilities of propaganda ... gives insight into Napoleon's meteoric rise to prominence and enhances our understanding of his more mature and elaborate use of propaganda during the Empire."--Preface.
Benjamin Duvivier, Bonaparte General-en-chef de l'Armée Française en Italie, medal, 1797. Source: M. Hennin, Histoire numismatique de la Révolution Française, vol. 2 (Paris: J.S. Merlin, 1826), plate 81.
Guisseppi Longhi, Bonaparte à la bataille d'Arcole le 27 Brumaire an V (after Antoine-Jean Gros), engraving, 1799. Source: Volume 50, number 6880, Collection de Vinck, Salle des Estampes, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris.
The Bridge at Arcole and 1810 Monument (photo by author). As can be seen from this photograph, the Alpone River itself is not a formidable obstacle, but the dikes on either side make it virtually impassable except by bridge, making this location strategically important during the Italian campaign.
A View of the Outer Ring Wall of the Arena in Verona (photo by author). That a portion of the outer wall survives today is due in part to Napoleon Bonaparte. During the Empire, Napoleon contrubuted 30,000 francs for the restoration of the amphitheater. A comemorative plaque acknowledges the emperor's generosity.
Thomas Charles Nodet, Passage du Pont d'Arcole par les Généraux Bonaparte et Augereau, engraving, 1796. Source: Volume 50, number 6878, Collection de Vinck, Salle des Estampes, Bibiothèque Nationale de France, Paris.
Anon., Départ de Rome du Troisième convoi des statues et monumens des arts, engraving, 1798. Source: Volume 140, number 12336, Collection de Hennin, Salle des Estampes, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris.